Photos of Amsterdam, the Capital of the Netherlands, the Netherlands

Amsterdam Flag
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Flag of the Netherlands

Amsterdam, the Capital of the Netherlands

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands and its largest city. It started as a dam on the river Amstel, "Amstelredamme" and the name stayed virtually the same. From a small fishing village in the late 12th century, it became the most important city of commerce in Holland and especially during the 17th and 18th century was home to wealthy merchants.

Central Station façade
Dam Square
Paleis op de Dam
Paleis op de Dam
Magna Plaza Shopping Centre
Organ grinder
Barrel Organ
Burgerweeshuis entrance
Singel canal
Flower Market, Singel
Cheese and souvenir shop
The Singel, Amsterdam
Canal houses, Singel
Touring, Herengracht
Canal houses, Herengracht
Gables, Heerengracht
Along the Prinsengracht
Prinsengracht, Amsterdam
View to Westertoren
Leidsegracht, Amsterdam
Along the Singelgracht
Het Lieverdje
Architecture, Spui square
I amsterdam sign
The Rijksmuseum
De Nachtwacht
De Magere Compagnie
Het vrolijke huisgezin
Het melkmeisje
De Staalmeesters
School class in museum
ICE*Amsterdam skating rink
Wooden shoe shop
Street in 'De Pijp'
Children of 'De Pijp'
Albert Cuyp market
The “Albert Cuyp”
Amstel along Amsteldijk
Amstel, Amsterdam
Amsterdam suburb

Amsterdam is a lively, vibrant city with a population of around 800,000 people within the city limits, an urban population of 1,200,000 and a metropolitan population of almost 2,200,000. It is a fascinating city where modernity mixes easily with seven centuries of history.

The city is dominated by a concentric system of canals, lined with rows of trees and beautiful 17th and 18th century merchant's houses. A trip in a boat along the canals is a great experience. There are many squares, each with their own atmosphere and cafés and restaurants. The central point of the city is the Dam, featuring the Royal Palace and the National Monument, among others. From there the busy Damrak leads to the Central Station and there are shopping streets like the pedestrian-only Kalverstraat that leads to the Muntplein, formerly the city's mint.

There is a lot of culture in Amsterdam: museums like the famous Rijksmuseum, with the most complete collection of Dutch paintings from the 15th-19th century, the Van Gogh Museum and the Rembrandthuis, among others; there are beautiful churches, some dating back from as long ago as the 14th Century, and theatres and concert halls. But the most appealing aspect of Amsterdam is its atmosphere, especially in the old city centre where just walking along the canals and enjoying the sights is most rewarding.