Photos of Museums of Mongolia, Mongolia

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Museums of Mongolia

Mongolia has some beautiful museums that give an excellent insight into the country’s history, people and traditions. For example, in Ulaanbaatar, the National Museum of Mongolia is superb, with exhibitions from the Stone Age via Genghis Khan, the Communist days to the Democratic Revolution of 1990, plus costumes of all Mongolia’s ethnic groups.

Mongolian warriors
Bogd Khan and wife
Peljidiin Genden's office
Display of skulls
Persecution Museum
Prehistoric life painting
Gobi wildlife display
Prehistoric life painting
Dadal Museum display
Mobile ger model
Dadal museum
Ceremonial ger
Carved wood furnishings
Toono and roof poles
Genghis Khan carving
Carved roof poles
Buddhist objects
Mongolian painting
Roof decoration
Wall painting
Vajradhara Buddha
Buddha Thangka
In Baruun Zuu
Palden Lhamo
Zanabazar statue
Ger in museum
Inside the ger
International Intellectual Museum
Mobile ger model
In Kazakh yurt

The Museum of Natural History has complete dinosaur skeletons and eggs found in Bayanzag, in the Southern Gobi. The “Memorial Museum for Victims of Political Repression” in the house of Peljidiin Genden, a Prime Minister who was executed in 1937 in Moscow by the KGB for refusing Stalin’s orders to exterminate the Buddhist clergy, shows what it was like in those dreadful days.

The provincial capitals all have their “Aimag Museums” with exhibitions of items specific to the area. The Ethnography Museum in Öndörkhaan, Khentii province, is housed in the 18th century home of the Tsetsen Khaan, a Mongol prince. He governed most of eastern Mongolia during the Manchu reign. On the grounds is a beautiful ceremonial ger with wonderfully carved wood furnishings and displays celebrating the glory days of the Mongol Empire.

Erdene Zuu monastery in Kharkhorin, Övörkhangai province, was built adjacent to the site of Karakorum, the Mongol capital, which started in the time of Genghis Khan. All its temples, except three, were destroyed in the late 1930s. The three temples were turned into museums and now display a wealth of Buddhist art. There are vivid wall paintings, thangka’s (silk paintings) and statues of different incarnations of the Buddha, Dharmapala protecting deities and Öndör Gegeen Zanabazar, “High Saint c”; 1635–1723) at Erdene Zuu Monastery. Zanabazar was the first Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, the spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism for the Khalkha in Outer Mongolia.