Photos of Kathmandu Valley, centre of Nepal's civilisation

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Kathmandu Valley, centre of Nepal's civilisation

The Kathmandu Valley was also known as Nepal (or Nepa) Valley, at the crossroads of ancient Indian civilisations. It may have been inhabited as early as 300 BCE; the Licchavi Kingdom ruled it from around 400 to 750 CE and the Malla dynasty from the 12th to the 18th century CE. It was conquered by the Gorkha Kingdom and became present-day Nepal. The Kathmandu valley is inhabited by the Newar or Nepa people, who are the creators of the historic civilisation of the valley, in the three kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan (now Lalitpur), and Bhadgaon (Bhaktapur).

Street, Bouddha neighbourhood
 
Farmer's house, Kathmandu valley
 
Road to Gokarna
 
Village of Gokarna
 
Road leading to Sundarijal
 
Village road, Gokarneshwar
 
Street in Gokarna
 
Footpath in Gokarna
 
View down in Gokarna
 
Woman carrying a jar
 
View near Gokarna
 
Women bringing sacrifices, Dakshinkali
 
At Dakshinkali Temple
 
Meat being cleaned
 
Sadhu, waiting for alms
 
Between Kathmandu and Budhanilkantha
 
Cymbal player, Budhanilkantha
 
Boys burning incense
 
Woman ringing a bell,
 
Musicians, Budhanilkantha
 
Wiping Vishnu's mouth
 
Bringing holy water
 
Praying to Lord Vishnu
 
At Tribhuvan Airport
 

There are many villages with two-story houses and farms in the valley, temples, shrines, and places of pilgrimage. About 9 kilometres northeast of Kathmandu is the open-air Budhanilkantha Temple. It features a giant basalt statue of Lord Vishnu in the middle of a recessed pool of water, reclining on the coils of the cosmic serpent Shesha. It is considered the largest stone carving in Nepal.

Dakshinkali Temple, about 22 kilometres south of Kathmandu, is one of the major Hindu temples in Nepal dedicated to the goddess Kali. Cockerels and uncastrated male goats are slaughtered as offerings to the goddess, who, it is believed, protects her devotees and children from mishaps and misfortunes.