Photos of Senj, a fortified town, Croatia

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Senj, a fortified town

Senj is an old town on the upper Adriatic coast, in the foothills of the Mala Kapela and Velebit mountains. Its symbol is the Nehaj Fortress, dating from 1558, on the hill with the same name, overlooking the town.

View of Senj
The waterfront
Monument to the Senj defenders
Senj from the pier
Nehaj Fortress
Wood carving of Ivan Lenković, Nehaj
Uskoks couple, Nehaj Fortress
Uskok robe, Nehaj Fortress
View to Mala Kapela and Velebit
View to Krk
View over Senj
View over Senj
City Gate
Old city
Old city
Lion's Tower
Trybenac Tower
Lipica Tower
Glagolitic inscription
St. Francis church remains
Cilnica square
Cilnica square fountain
Bishop's convent
Ulica Đure Daničića
Interior of Cathedral
Painting in the Cathedral
Sculptures in the Cathedral
Altar of Mary in the Cathedral
Frankopanski Trg
Pedestrian street
Gradski muzej
Šabac Tower
Dusk along the waterfront
Dusk in Senj

The Nehaj Fortress (Tvrđava Nehaj, from the Croatian term Ne hajati, Don't care) was finished in 1558. It was built on the remains of ruined churches, monasteries and houses, which were situated outside Senj's walls. It is 18 metres tall and 23 metres wide, square-shaped, with walls averaging 2 to 3 metres in thickness. It is now a museum.

The fortress was built in 1558 by Croatian army general Ivan Lenković, a captain of the Uskoks, irregular soldiers who lived in this region. Bands of Uskoks fought a guerrilla war against the Ottomans; they had swift rowing boats, and because they were rarely paid for their services, they also resorted to acts of piracy. Eventually, the whole city of Senj lived from piracy!

The old city has the remains of its Kaštel (Castle), 16th-century fortifications with large towers. In front of the Senj City Museum is a memorial to the Glagolitic script, the oldest known Slavic alphabet, generally agreed to have been created in the 9th century by Saint Cyril. There are examples of this ancient script on the pews of the Co-Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, built in 1169; heavily damaged in bombardments in 1943 during the Second World War, it was rebuilt.