Mauritius became an independent nation on 12 March 1968, and a new flag was adopted. The flag was designed by Gurudutt Moher, who was a primary school teacher at that time. It has four horizontal bands of equal width: red, blue, yellow, and green. Red stands for the struggle for freedom and Independence; blue represents the Indian Ocean. Yellow represents the new light of Independence and green stands for the agriculture of Mauritius and its colour throughout the 12 months of the year. Mauritius became a republic 24 years later, on 12 March 1992.