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Butrint, a UNESCO World Heritage archaeological site

About 24 kilometres south of Sarandë in the far south east of Albania is the ancient site of Butrinti (or Butrint when in a sentence with a preposition), originally a Greek town (Bouthroton), first occupied between the 10th and 8th centuries BCE. It was strategically important and had a theatre, a sanctuary to Asclepius and an agora in the 4th Century BCE. In 228 BCE Bouthroton became a Roman protectorate (Buthrotum) and in 44 BCE, Caesar was designated a colony by Caesar.

Butrint ruins
 
Triconch Palace, Butrint
 
Butrint baptistry
 
Roman ruins
 
Byzantine basilica
 
Well of the Nymphs
 
Butrint Lagoon
 
Cyclopean Wall
 
Lion Gate
 
Lion Gate relief
 
Greek Theatre view
 
Venetian tower
 
Overlooking Lake Butrint
 
Greek Theatre
 
Bath houses
 
Ascelpius Temple
 
Venetian Fortress
 
Swimming in Butrint
 

Over the years it was expanded as a truly Roman town, was partly destroyed by an earthquake in the 3rd century CE, but rebuilt; it included the grand Triconch Palace, the house of a major local notable, built around 425.

In the early 6th century CE, Buthrotum became the seat of a bishop and a large baptistry, one of the largest such Paleochristian buildings of its type, and a basilica were built. Emperor Justinian strengthened the walls of the city; even so, in 550 it was sacked by the Ostrogoths. It changed hands many times in the Middle Ages, including the Bulgarian and Byzantine Empires, the Angevins of southern Italy and the Venetians. In 1797, Butrint was ceded by Venice to the French, but was conquered two years later by the local Turkish governor Ali Pasha Tepelena. It was a part of the Ottoman Empire until Albanian independence in 1912. By that time, the site of the original city had been unoccupied for centuries and was surrounded by malarial marshes. In 1992 Butrint was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.